Avian Bowl Answers for January

  1. Which type of ratite is largest in the Americas?  Rheas
  2. A _______ _______ incubator does not provide mechanical circulation of air.  Still-Air Incubator
  3. When beaten vigorously,egg whites foam and increase in volume ___ to ___ (#'s) times.  6-8
  4. Where in the female reproductive tract is the pigment added to the egg shell?  The shell gland
  5. Name the breed of chicken developed in Cuba.  Cubalaya
  6. Term used to describe Avian Influenza outbreaks resulting in high mortality is ______ _______.  Fowl Plague
  7. Albumen is also known as _______ ________.  Egg white
  8. What 2 things happen to the albumen as an egg ages?  1)Protein changes which thins out the egg white and the whites spread out more instead of standing up. 2)Carbon dioxide (Co2) escapes making the albumen more transparent as it ages because the cloudy appearance comes from the CO2.  
  9. What is the Incubation period for Japanese quail eggs?  17 days
  10. Which breed of chicken is listed in the American Standard of Perfection as a breed, but is actually a genetic modification that can be introduced to any breed of chicken?  Frizzles
  11. Which breed has multiple spurs on each leg? Sumatras
  12. Which breed is most like the old jungle fowl in appearance?  Old English
  13. What is a ratite?  A large, flightless bird with a flat, keeless breastbone.
  14. Which end of the egg contains more pores, the large or the small?  Large
  15. What is the function of the chalazae? Holds the yolk in the center of the egg
  16. About how many pores are in a chicken eggshell?  7,000
  17. Calcium absorbed from the yolk and shell are used by the embryo to make its ___________.  Skeleton (or bone structure)
  18. What are the 4 most important factors in incubating eggs artificially?  1)temperature 2)humidity 3)ventilation 4)turning
  19. High mortality is seen if the temperature drops below ___ degrees or rises about _____ degrees in an incubator? Below 96 degrees or above 103 degrees
  20. During the last 3 days of incubation, the relative humidity should increase to __-__ percent.  65-70%

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